Maharishi Sushruta, a surgeon famous in Melbourne

By:Surinder Jain.

The Royal Australia College of Surgeons (RACS), trains surgeons and is responsible for maintaining surgical standards in Australia and New Zealand. It is a leading advocate for surgical standards, education and professionalism in Australia and New Zealand. Among its initiatives, it aims to foster and promote the pursuit of excellence in surgical education and actively supports innovative surgical research, aid projects in underprivileged communities, skills transfer and education programs.

A statue of Surgeon Sushruta in the Royal Australia College of Surgeons, Melbourne

In its building, among some of the most prominent ancient physicians, one may come across a statue of Sushrata with the plaque mentioning him as Father of Surgery. When contacted, the RACS was very proud of having the now famous statue in their building.

Dr K M Cherian

The statue was donated to the college by one its Alumni, Dr K M Cherian. Dr Cherian performed India’s first successful Coronary Artery bypass surgery in 1975. He also performed the country’s first heart transplant after legalization of brain death. The first Heart- Lung Transplant, the first Paediatric Transplant and the first TMR (Laser Heart Surgery) were also performed by him[1].

Dr Cherian was very fond of and inspired by Sushruta.

The Mahābhārata lists Suśruta amongst the sons of Viśvāmitra, the legendary sage.[8] The same connection with Viśvāmitra is also made in the Suśruta-saṃhitā itself.[9] The name Suśruta appears in later literature in the Bower Manuscript (sixth century CE),[10] where Suśruta is listed as one of the ten sages residing in the Himalayas.[10]

The Suśruta-saṃhitā (works of Sushruta) is one of the most important surviving ancient treatises on medicine and is considered a foundational text of Medicine. The treatise addresses all aspects of general medicine, but the translator G. D. Singhal dubbed Suśruta “the father of surgery” on account of the extraordinarily accurate and detailed accounts of surgery to be found in the work.[5] 

A statue dedicated to Sushruta at the Patanjali Yogpeeth institute in Haridwar. In the sign next to the statue, Patanjali Yogpeeth attributes the title of Maharishi to Sushruta, claims a floruit of 1500 BC for him, and dubs him the “founding father of surgery”, and identifies the Sushrut Samhita as “the best and outstanding commentary on Medical Science of Surgery”.

The Suśruta-saṃhitā was known to the scholar Dṛḍhabala (fl. 300–500 CE), which gives the latest date for the version of the work that has come down to us today.[7] Some concepts from the Suśruta-saṃhitā could be found in the Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa, that is dated to the sixth century BCE,[6] 

The Suśruta-saṃhitā, in its 184 chapters contains descriptions of

The text discusses surgical techniques of

It enumerates six types of dislocations, twelve varieties of fractures, and classification of the bones and their reaction to the injuries, and gives a classification of eye diseases including cataract surgery.

 

Nepal, Text- 12th-13th century; Images- 18th-19th century Books Ink and opaque watercolor on palm leaf Gift of Emeritus Professor and Mrs. Thomas O. Ballinger (M.87.271a-g) South and Southeast Asian Art

Sushruta says that in his samhita, that he has presented the teaching of his guru, Divodāsa.[16] He is said in ancient texts such as the Buddhist Jatakas to have been a physician who taught in a school in Kashi (Varanasi) in parallel to another medical school in Taxila (on Jhelum river),[17][18] sometime between 1200 BC and 600 BC.[19][20]  The text also uses terminology of Samkhya and other schools of Hindu philosophy.[32][33][34]

The text was translated to Arabic as Kitab Shah Shun al-Hindi’ in Arabic, also known as Kitab i-Susurud, in Baghdad during the early 8th century at the instructions of a member of the Barmakid family of Baghdad.[138][10] Yahya ibn Barmak facilitated a major effort at collecting and translating Sanskrit texts such as Vagbhata’s Astangahrdaya Samhita, Ravigupta’s Siddhasara and Sushruta Samhita.[139] The Arabic translation reached Europe by the end of the medieval period.  In Italy, the Branca family[11] of Sicily and Gaspare Tagliacozzi (Bologna) became familiar with the techniques of Sushruta.[10]

The text was known to the Khmer king Yaśovarman I (fl. 889-900) of Cambodia. Suśruta was also known as a medical authority in Tibetan literature.[138]

Ancient indian text Sushruta samhita shastra and kartarika, surgical instruments 1 of 4

A cataract surgery was found by Sushruta and was subsequently introduced to other countries. Sushruta Samhita mentions the operation in which a curved needle was used to push the opaque phlegmatic matter (kapha in Sanskrit) in the eye out of the way of vision. 

“vv. 57-61ab: In moderate season, after unction and sudation, the patient should be positioned and held firmly while gazing at his nose steadily. Now the wise surgeon leaving two parts of white circle from the black one towards the outer canthus should open his eyes properly free from vascular network and then with a barley-tipped rod-like instrument held firmly in hand with middle, index and thumb fingers should puncture the natural hole-like point with effort and confidence not below, above or in sides. The left eye should be punctured with right hand and vice-versa. When punctured properly a drop of fluid comes out and alsoe there is some typical sound.”

The cataract operation method described by Sushruta continues to be used throughout the Middle Ages and is still used in some parts of Africa and in Yemen.[20] For the most part, it has now been replaced by extracapsular cataract surgery. The first references to cataract and its treatment in Europe are found in 29 AD in De Medicinae, the work of the Latin encyclopedist Aulus Cornelius Celsus, who used Sushruta’s method called couching.

The Sushruta Samhita states, per Hoernle translation, that “the professors of Ayurveda speak of three hundred and sixty bones, but books on Salya-Shastra(surgical science) know of only three hundred”.[125] The text then lists the total of 300 as follows: 120 in the extremities (e.g. hands, legs), 117 in pelvic area, sides, back, abdomen and breast, and 63 in neck and upwards.[125] The text then explains how these subtotals were empirically verified.[126] The discussion shows that the Indian tradition nurtured diversity of thought, with Sushruta school reaching its own conclusions and differing from the Atreya-Caraka tradition.[126]

Anatomy and empirical studies

The different parts or members of the body as mentioned before including the skin, cannot be correctly described by one who is not well versed in anatomy. Hence, any one desirous of acquiring a thorough knowledge of anatomy should prepare a dead body and carefully, observe, by dissecting it, and examine its different parts.

—Sushruta Samhita, Book 3, Chapter V
Translators: Loukas et al[8]

The Sushruta Samhita is best known for its approach and discussions of surgery.[44] It was one of the first in human history to suggest that a student of surgery should learn about human body and its organs by dissecting a dead body.[44] A student should practice, states the text, on objects resembling the diseased or body part.[130] Incision studies, for example, are recommended on Pushpaphala(squash, Cucurbita maxima), Alavu (bottle gourd, Lagenaria vulgaris), Trapusha (cucumber, Cucumis pubescens), leather bags filled with fluids and bladders of dead animals.[130]

Reconstructive surgery techniques were being carried out in India by 800 BC.[8] Sushruta made important contributions to the field of plastic and cataract surgery in 6th century BC.[9] The medical works of both Sushruta and Charak, are originally in Sanskrit language.

British physicians traveled to India to see rhinoplasties being performed by Indian methods.[12] Reports on Indian rhinoplasty performed by a Kumhar vaidya were published in the Gentleman’s Magazine by 1794.[12] Joseph Constantine Carpue spent 20 years in India studying local plastic surgery methods.[12] and finally in 1814, he performed the first major surgery in the Western world.[13] Instruments described in the Sushruta Samhita were further modified in the Western world.[13]

Indian method of nose reconstruction, illustrated in the Gentleman’s Magazine, 1794

Sushruta, states Tipton, asserts that a physician should invest effort to prevent diseases as much as curative remedial procedures.[124] An important means for prevention, states Sushruta, is physical exercise and hygienic practices.[124] The text adds that excessive strenuous exercise can be injurious and make one more susceptible to diseases, cautioning against such excess.[12] Regular moderate exercise, suggests Sushruta, improves resistance to disease and physical decay.[124] Shushruta has written Shlokas on prevention of diseases.

A number of Sushruta’s contributions have been discussed in modern literature. Some of these include Hritshoola (heart pain), circulation of vital body fluids (such as blood (rakta dhatu) and lymph (rasa dhatu), Madhumeha, obesity, and hypertension.[46] Kearns & Nash (2008) state that the first mention of leprosy is described in Sushruta Samhita.[135][136] The text discusses kidney stones and its surgical removal.[137]

With so much in his book (Sushruta Samhita), no wonder Maharishi Sushruta has been called Father of Surgery and it is no surprise that a prestigious and learned college like The Royal Australian College of Surgeons has given Sushruta such a place of honor in its temple of learning.

(Credit:Wikipedia)

 

 

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PM of New Zealand and MPs stop those trying to help save the environment

Beef lobby of New Zealand, if it has its way, wants to deny people choice of their food including food free of beef and free of animal products. Hindus avoid eating beef.

When you are in an airplane bound to your seat for 12 hours or more, with no near by restaurants, fully dependent on whatever food is on the menu of the air lines and available with the air hostess, politicians asking air lines not to keep food which does not include beef would be a disservice to consumer choice of food. Coercing people to consume beef instead of vegan alternatives, for a fast buck, is sure to hasten climate calamity.

The beef lobby led by MP Mark Patterson, of the ruling New Zealand First Party, strongly opposes its national carrier Air New Zealand’s decision to serve the vegan burger and considers it as a “slap in the face” to the country’s $6bn red meat sector. 

Air New Zealand is the flag carrier airline of New Zealand. Based in Auckland, the airline operates scheduled passenger flights to 20 domestic and 31 international destinations in 19 countries around the Pacific Rim and the United Kingdom. First class passengers to Los Angeles route are offered a plant based, meat free, environment friendly choice of food.

Beef production has a very high impact on the environment. According to some studies, one Ton of beef production requires almost 17,000 cubic liters of water, (m³ water/ton)[28]. Compare that with 2,500 for rice and about 1,500 for wheat.(wikipedia). Denying consumers choice of ethical food and promoting alternative food high on green gas production chart is a “slap in the face” to the voters who have elected their representatives to look after personal rights and the environment.

However, the strong beef lobby is up in arms. It sees ethical food alternatives to its violent to animal (assuming killing is violence), beef industry as a threat to its existence. 

Peters at the ASEAN Summit in the Philippines in 2017

Acting PM of New Zealand, MP Winston Peters who has been running the country since 21 June while Prime Minister Jacinda Arden is on maternity leave, is also opposed to selling beef alternatives. He said “Some of the taxpayers are the farming industry who want to ensure they get top end of the product market offshore and our airline should be its number one marketer.”

The Vegan Burger, is made using wheat, coconut oil, potatoes and “magic ingredient” heme. Compared to cows, the vegan product uses 95% less land, less water and creates 87% less greenhouse gas emissions, according to the company Impossible’s website.

You can [read more about the news here …]

credit:wikipedia

 

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Yoga day at Gold Coast By ASMY

By: Samantha Doyle, ASMY, Gold Coast.

The Spirit of Yoga Shines at Yoga Day Festival YOGA DAY FESTIVAL | www.yogadayfestival.com.au | asmy.org.au

The sun was rising over the crystal clear Gold Coast ocean as enthusiastic volunteers began setting up the first of a relay of festivals taking place across the nation. There were tepees, brightly coloured flags, flowers, bohemian decorations, and sacred sounds resonating throughout the atmosphere.

With the yoga lifestyle becoming a rapidly growing trend, widely accepted and adopted across many cultures, it’s any wonder the world loves to celebrate United Nations World Yoga Day. Wanting to offer a celebration that truly embodied the spirit of yoga, the team at the Australian School of Meditation & Yoga (ASMY) put their passion into action and Yoga Day Festival was born. Now in its 4th year, Yoga Day Festival has become one of Australia’s brightest, fastest growing, icon yoga festivals.

Stunning locations, village like set-ups, generous pops of colour and a broad variety of yoga lifestyle experiences are the foundational assets that give people an immersive experience. Yoga Dance, Kirtan, Yoga Teacher Training workshops, Kids yoga areas, drumming workshops, educational seminars, and of course a variety of asana and meditation classes made up the bulk of the program.

The community collaboration of gifted local teachers, talented musicians and a variety of lifestyle coaches all coming together with the intention of sharing their gifts and talents made for a heart- warming example of why yoga is such an asset to our community. Participants were able to experience not only the benefits of each modality on offer, but also the spirit of yoga – the unconditional giving and receiving; joy; love; peace; and happiness that naturally grow in those who live the yoga lifestyle.

A special feature of the festivals, and a highlight for many, was the kirtan – a sacred music experience that allowed everyone to come together and share their voices, singing sacred mantras. The joy, happiness and pure fun was evident as everyone swayed, clapped, danced and sang.

Two of the featured chant artists were Pralad and the Chants (https://www.praladandthechants.com/) and Ashraya (http://ashraya.band/) Madya Lila, lead singer from Ashraya describes the impact that kirtan has, “If you have not experienced kirtan before it is a must. Kirtan transports you to a world of inspiration, peace and joy, far beyond the stress and worries of life. Kirtan nourishes the soul’s deepest needs by reawakening the spiritual love that exists within our hearts and enables us to fully taste the nectar for which we are always anxious.”

Radha Krishna Das explains the vision of the Yoga Day Festival team as follows, “The collective idea and ongoing mission of our Yoga Day Festival team is to be of service to humanity by offering the transforming and life enhancing gifts of the yoga lifestyle to the broader community. An increasing number of people want a lifestyle that supports them in achieving overall well-being physically, mentally and spiritually. And because this is exactly what yoga offers, we find that people are naturally attracted to it and are interested in its practice and applying its principles and techniques to their lives. Hence why an event like YDF is such a hit – it offers people an immersive experience of what it might feel like to really embrace yoga in its complete sense.”

For further information please contact Samantha Doyle samantha@yogadayfestival.com.au 0405 910 345 yogadayfestival.com.au

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Hindu Council Perth celebrates Internatinal Yoga Day

Hindu Council of Australia’s Perth Chapter celebrated International Yoga Day jointly with Hindu Swayamsewak Sangh.

 

 

Celeberation of 🌟International Yoga Day 🌟 Yoga Activity for about 90 Minutes:
🥁Date: 24th June 2018, Sunday.
🎷 Time: 9.30 am to 11.00am.
🤸🏻‍♀ Venue: Wanaroo Recreation Centre, 275 Scenic Drive, Wanaroo, WA.
Entry: Free 🤸🏻‍♀ Reservation Not Required🤸🏼‍♂
Organised by: Hindu Council of Australia.
 For information please Contact: Vijayakumar
M: 0423408063

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What Does Yoga Have to Do with Hinduism?

By: Hindu Human Rights

Yoga is a deep science revealed by Mahadeva Himself in the Agamas. It is not just moving your arms and legs! Yoga is deeply rooted in Hinduism, sourced in Hinduism, and includes all aspects of Hinduism. It is not a “spiritual” practice alone, but is a sacred Hindu RITUAL. Any yoga teachers, gurus who promote yoga as a mere spiritual practice are diluting and misrepresenting yoga, and pose danger to the ones practicing it. Beer yoga, chicken yoga are not only NOT yoga, they are dangerous, and unscientific. They do damage to those who practice it. It is important for every yoga practitioner & teacher to understand that yoga is a SCIENCE to realize, experience bliss and divinity. It is divinity expressing through you, not you trying to reach divinity. You need to set the sankalpa, chant the mantras, do the pranayama & achamaneeyam, mudras and invoke Bhagwan before doing asanas.

 

 

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International Yoga Day celebrated in Sydney

By: Jay Raman

IYD 2018 event continues to be successful across Australia. The day started with a sunrise yoga session at Melbourne Cricket Ground, followed by a Yoga session in the noon at Royal Adelaide Hospital. In Sydney, the event was organised at Indian Cultural Centre.

The event witnessed numerous speakers/presenters touching upon various aspects of Yoga, including Mantra chanting, Keertans and Q&A on Yoga as a Profession. We had an attendance of 80 yoga enthusiasts. 

Please click on the link below to watch the video.

 

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Why sprinkle water around food before eating

Have you ever wondered why did your grand parents sprinkle water around their food before eating. Well, here is an explanation. Watch the video.

 

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Famous Beatles Ashram in Rishikesh reopens

Fifty years ago, the Beatles arrived at an unlikely location in Rishikesh at the invitation of the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. The visit has passed into rock’n’roll legend even as the ashram has fallen into ruin. Much of the fabled White Album was composed in these now-derelict halls and bungalows.

Beatles Ashram, also known as Chaurasi Kutia, is an ashram close to the north Indian city of Rishikesh in the state of Uttarakhand. It is located on the eastern bank of the Gangesriver, opposite the Muni Ki Reti area of Rishikesh, in the foothills of the Himalayas. During the 1960s and 1970s, as the International Academy of Meditation, it was the training centre for students of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, who devised the Transcendental Meditation technique. The ashram gained international attention between February and April 1968 when the English rock band the Beatles studied meditation there, along with celebrities such as DonovanMia Farrow and Mike Love. It was the setting for the band’s most productive period as songwriters, where they composed most of the songs for their self-titled double album, also known as the “White Album”.

The site was abandoned in the 1990s and reverted to the local forestry department in 2003, after which it became a popular visiting place for fans of the Beatles. Although derelict and overrun by jungle, the site was officially opened to the public in December 2015. It has since become known as Beatles Ashram and held an exhibition in February 2018 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Beatles’ arrival in Rishikesh.

The Maharishi’s lease on the ashram’s land expired in 1981 and the yogi decamped to the Netherlands in 1992. But certain followers remained until the early 2000s, when India’s Supreme Court ordered them to leave. Everything is crumbling, overgrown: the kitchen, the printing press, the post office where John Lennon waited for daily postcards from Yoko Ono even though he was travelling with his wife.

In 2017, the Uttarakhand Forest Department announced a $20 million renovation for the ashram, including a souvenir store and educational areas. “We plan to develop Chaurasi Kutia as an eco-tourism centre,” says Sanatan Sonker, director of the Rajaji Tiger Reserve. “Our aim is to link the ashram with local villagers and help them earn their livelihood through tourism.”

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#Beatels #Rishikesh #Maharishi #Yoga #Music #Meditation

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Inflight yoga launched by Cathay Pacific Airways

Hindus have welcomed the reported launch of “Travel Well with Yoga” program in all the routes of Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon airlines, thus bringing yoga to the sky. In partnership with Pure Yoga, this inflight well-being program; in English, Cantonese, Mandarin and Japanese; includes series of videos on inflight entertainment screens “to help passengers ease into their journeys with yoga and meditation exercises and tips”. Six easy-to-follow videos demonstrate “yoga and meditation routines that can be done before, during or after a flight”. 

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Fasting Can Improve the Regenerating Ability of Intestinal Cells

Fasting is an integral part of Hinduism spiritual as well as many Yoga practices. Various types of fasts for periods varying from a few hours to several days are prescribed. Now US biologists  have found that a 24-hour fast can reverse the age-related loss of intestinal stem cell function that can regenerate new intestinal cells. An earlier scientific study had shown that a 72 hour fast helps in replenishing infection fighting cells in our body.

130715-M-EV637-081 (9294499637).jpg
By Aaron Hostutler – 130715-M-EV637-081, Public Domain, Link

So, lets not go slow on a fast, it has benefits in this world and in the next too.

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